How to build a automatic gate with a micro:bit
Make a gate that opens and closes automatically when a pedestrian approaches.
micro:bit x 1
360° servo x 1
Sonar:bit x 1
RJ11 wire x 1
Bricks x N
As shown in the figure, construct the structure:
As shown in the figure, connect the ultrasonic sensor to the J1 port of the Nezha expansion board, and connect the 360° servo to the S1 port of the Nezha expansion board.
Go to MakeCode editor:（https://makecode.microbit.org/#editor）Add Wukong extension from the settings on the right upper conner.
Search with nezha in the dialogue box and add it to the package.
Search with Planet X in the dialogue box and add it to the package.
Now we go to the coding page:
When the program starts, display the designated icon and set the 360° servo connected to the S1 port to 180°
Then in the loop, assign the return value of the ultrasonic sensor connected to the J1 port to the variable "i"
Determine the value of variable "i". When this value is greater than 3 and less than 20, set the 360° servo to 240° and then pause for 5s, otherwise, set the 360° servo to 180°
When the ultrasonic detects an object within 20cm, the gate is opened for five seconds and then closed.
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