14. circuit design 01
We are going to use the experiment box to finish a pure circuit design and to control the LED without the micro:bit code.
14.2. Hardware Connect
Connect the circuit as above picture and put 2 AAA batteries into the batteries pack.
14.3. Introduction of Components
LED, light-emitting diode, is a kind of LED semiconductor diode which can transfer electric energy to luminous energy. The luminous diode is same as diode which is consistuded by one PN and with unilateral conductivity. Please note that when using the diode, the positive and negative poles should be strictly distinguished, and the positive pole should be grounded to the negative pole of the power supply. Otherwise, the diode will be reversely broken and the component will be damaged.
The LED is shown in the schemetics as below picture.
The resistor is a current limiting element which always be calld resistance. When it installed into the circuit, it can limit the value of the current. The ideal resistor is the linear resistor. That is, the instantaneous current through the resistor is proportional to the applied instantaneous voltage. It is the ohm’s law (The current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the voltage across the two points. )
The ohm law is shown in the schemetics as below picture.
14.4. Circuit Analysis
The voltage of two AAA batteries is 3v, so the nominal voltage is 3v. The nominal operating current of the LED is 30mA. According to the ohm law, the resistance value is 100Ω. Therefore, it is need to install a 100Ω resistance to limit the current. Otherwise, excessive current will cause a burnout of the LED.
When the button pressed, the circuit connects and the LED lights up.
When the button pressed and the LED lights up.
How do we use the trimpot to control the luminance of the LED? How can we design the circuit?